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Info Indonesia Speech the President of the Republic of Indonesia in the Context of The 65th Anniversary of the Proclamation of Independence
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Speech the President of the Republic of Indonesia in the Context of The 65th Anniversary of the Proclamation of Independence

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Assalamu'alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh,
Greetings to all of us,
I respect the brother of chairman, the vice chairman, and members of the Council of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia,
I respect the brother of chairman, the vice chairman, and members of the Regional Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia,
I respect the brother of chairman, the vice chairman, and members of state institutions,
Excellency the Ambassador of friendly nations, and the heads of agencies and representatives of international organizations,
Brothers a nation and a homeland,
Ladies and gentlemen I am honored,

Let us together, once again, praise and gratitude to God Almighty, God Almighty, because of His mercy and grace, in the month of Ramadan is full of blessings and forgiveness, we can attend the Joint Session of House of Representatives Indonesia (DPR RI), and the Republic of Indonesia Regional Representative Council (DPD RI), in order to Memorial Day-65th Anniversary of Indonesian Independence.

On this good opportunity, I would like to extend congratulations fasting pilgrimage, to the Muslims and Muslimat throughout the country. Hopefully we worship in this Ramadan, be accepted by Allah SWT.

This speech is also my first State of the Union speech at the United Indonesia Cabinet bhakti II, who is also the first year in 5th Annual National Development from 2010 to 2014.

In addition to the right we celebrate Independence Day in the month of Ramadan, this forum is the first Joint Session, which took place in the reform era. This truly is a special day for all Indonesian people, because the members of DPR and DPD-RI, has put a new tradition in the development of democracy, and in the life of our state and nation.

Tomorrow, the Republic of Indonesia will be even 65 years old. Insha Allah, all the Indonesian people all over the country will get together to celebrate Indonesia's independence day. For the Indonesian nation, independence is a blessing and grace that is very sacred, because we do not get it through giving. We are the result of the struggle for independence. We seize and declare to the world, because we believe that freedom is the right of all nations. That is the essence of our independence.

Delivered the proclamation of independence, Bung Karno and Bung Hatta on August 17, 1945, just two months after the United Nations Charter was born in San Francisco, forever changing the fate of our nation. With one brief document which contains only two sentences, the Indonesian nation left past the bleak, and opens new pages of history full of hope.

With a simple proclamation, the nation of Indonesia announced its existence as a sovereign state of Indonesia. And we became a pioneer in the new world order, built on the ruins of World War II.

Remember, the struggle for Indonesian independence is one of the most amazing revolution in the 20th century. This is a revolution that not only demands for independence and sovereignty, but also demanded freedom, emancipation and democracy. Indonesian Revolution, which was born simultaneously with the birth of a new world of post-World War II, soon became an inspiration for other nations in the world. Declaration of independence that we announce to the world, took up the fire resistance of the nations in Asia and Africa to colonization, decolonization and generate currents that changed the world political map.

Therefore, let us be thankful for this independence. This independence is a concrete result of the selfless sacrifice of freedom fighters nation full of sweat, tears, and their blood. Although now they have gone, their spirit remains alive in the hearts of the Indonesian nation forever. Service and their sacrifice has never faded, but even more illuminating the life of our nation.

The meaning of our independence in the 21st Century, also has a wider dimension and complexity. First, people often talk about "freedom as a form of resistance against poverty, ignorance and backwardness." All that remains vital and relevant, and is a big part of our agenda. But now, our nation is also fighting for independence that frees us from corruption, from discrimination, from the anarchic, and of extremism and terrorism.

On top of that, a warning about the independence day also reminds us of one important proposition, the essence of independence is that the fate of the nation are in our own hands. Whether Indonesia will become a leading nation in Asia, or become a country with a fragile democracy? Is Indonesia will be more united and firm, or become weak and divided? All this is entirely a consequence of choice, and our own responsibility. If we fail, we can not blame others. If we succeed, it's entirely because of our own toil.

The brothers and the audience all that I glorified,
Alhamdulillah, after 65 years of independence, after a three-generation transition, and after experiencing various ups and downs and turmoil, the Indonesian nation entered the 21st century in conditions that are more robust. During the years 1998 through 2008, the Indonesian nation has been through the First Wave of Reform process safely, though laden with challenges and tough issues.

In the first ten years of reform, we have come a long way in making the transition to democracy. We have to dismantle and build, we've done a deconstruction and reconstruction of basic order in political life, social, legal, and economic. We've made three free and fair elections. We have a very independent legislative body. We have created a system of healthy checks and balances between the legislative, executive and judicial branches. TNI back to being a professional soldier, no longer in politics and business. Freedom of the press and freedom of opinion is now assured. Discriminatory laws have been abolished.

In that period, we also have performed an extensive decentralization process. We also hold direct local elections throughout Indonesia. Now, all governors, regents and mayors in Indonesia have been elected directly by the people. The result, Indonesia's political map has changed fundamentally. Implementation of this direct democracy change many things. Now, people will sovereign, no longer a group of people on behalf of the people.

Amazingly, a very complicated political process takes place in a relatively short time, and without causing social upheaval or serious shocks, except at the initial period. Without us knowing it, this process has been fundamentally change the practice of democracy in this country. Now, Indonesia is known as the country's third largest democracy after India and the United States. Not surprising when there who say that this is really a silent revolution, or "the quiet revolution."

In the first ten years, we have also completed the conflict in Aceh, and political reform in Papua. The Government continues to closely study the dynamics that exist in Papua, and will continue to establish constructive communication in the development of a better Papua. We also continue to build sustainable peace in areas of post-conflict.

We have boosted the economic growth of minus 13 percent in 1998, to 6 percent in the year 2008. In the process of this growing, non-oil export Indonesia through the U.S. $ 100 billion, the state budget through 1000 trillion rupiah, reserves Indonesia has now reached more than U.S. $ 78 billion, the rupiah continues to stabilize, the poverty rate continues to decline, credit rating of Indonesia continued to improve, and debt over GDP ratio fell significantly, now reaching 27.8 percent, one of the lowest in the history of Indonesia. And, most importantly, the Indonesian nation has an increasingly strong food security.

We also continue to actively carry out the mandate of the people to eradicate corruption. Anti-corruption programs we do in a systemic, continuous, starting from the top, top-down, and indiscriminately. As in other countries, anti-corruption struggle in this country will continue to face challenges and resistance. However, we will not be discouraged, we will continue to seek, because we all want to see corruption eroded out of the Earth Indonesia.

The result of all this, the Indonesian people suffered major reforms, as well as a total transformation. Indonesia is now more complete, more secure, more powerful economically, more peaceful, more dynamic and more democratic.

Comparison of all the evidence is not hard to discover:
At the time of the world afflicted by the financial crisis is so great in the year 2008 and year 2009, when the world experienced a contraction of growth, the Indonesian economy still grew by just 6.0 percent in 2008 and 4.5 percent in 2009, the third highest growth among the G -20, after China and India.

At a time when many democracies in the world collapsed and fragile democracy in Indonesia was even more stable, more mature, and increasingly entrenched. And at the time of the conflict raging in other parts of the world, unity and peace on earth an even stronger nation.

Ladies and gentlemen who were happy,
We have not done a great job. Nation's problems rather than diminishing, but it is growing increasingly complex. In addition to the many achievements and accomplishments are very encouraging, the First Wave of Reform is also a lot of experience obstacles and shortcomings, and also still leaves a number of problems, which in addition to all of them become a valuable lesson for us all, also the subsequent history of the mission.

With the success of national elections last year, we have now entered the Second Wave of Reform. Second wave of reforms has a double aspect: change and continuity, change and continuity. Second Wave of Reforms aim is not to change direction, but to reinforce the bow. Not to slow, but rather to stimulate the rate of change.

With the existing foundation, it was time for Indonesia is not only running, but it must run faster and started to run. And it's time to not be a tiger cage, but a country that has high competitiveness on the global stage.

That's why, in the course of 100 days of United Indonesia Cabinet II, we have identified a variety of obstruction, de-bottlenecking of regulations which hamper. We fix the complexity of laws and regulations related to land use and governance of space. We fix legislation in infrastructure to improve the investment climate.

We also revise regulations deemed inhibit cooperation of government and private infrastructure projects in development. And, as in any democracy often lead to the syndrome of short-term thinking, or short-term-ism, we have managed to arrange the direction of development in five to 20 years into the future.

In the next five years, we've compiled the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) to-2, as a guide to development in the period 2010-2014. In RPJMN that we set with concrete development goals we want to accomplish. We set a number of national priorities. Starting from the bureaucracy and governance reform, education, health, poverty reduction and food security.

We also set priorities in infrastructure, investment and business climate, energy, environment, disaster management, and development in disadvantaged areas, leading, outer and post-conflict. And, most importantly, is the cultural and technological innovation. In addition, we also set other priorities in the field of Politics, Law and Security, in Economics, as well as in the field of Social Welfare.

Therefore, to accelerate implementation of national development priorities, I have issued two Presidential Instruction on Accelerating Implementation of National Development Priorities, and Equitable Development Program.

Every effort is accelerating, debottlenecking will be in vain if we do not perform the most essential changes, a change-of view. Whether in Europe, the Middle East, in Africa, or in Latin America, there is no nation that managed to do without a major transformation begins with a change in perspective, the change in mind-set.

This paradigm shift is absolutely necessary, if we want to tackle the challenges before us so heavy. We still face an uncertain world economy, and therefore we need to continue to creatively and skillfully got the opportunity to enhance the development of pro-growth, pro-growth, pro-employment pro-jobs, pro-poverty reduction, pro-poor, and pro-environment pro-environment.

We still must continue to encourage reform of the bureaucracy, so that civil servants actually become agents of change in governance to create good governance, good governance. Through this effort, we encourage the creation of a government bureaucracy more responsive, transparent and accountable.

We still have to promote infrastructure development, which to be honest today is still less satisfactory. The big challenge for us is, how to raise funds a substantial investment, we need each year for infrastructure development in Indonesia. Legal certainty and good investment climate, which continues the more we increase, expected to give a big impact for raising funds for this infrastructure.

We still have to guard and build democracy and the decentralization process is so rapid development, in order to present a clean and capable government. We also still have to eradicate mafia laws that continue to undermine justice, and the misery of our people. We must finish the task work to eradicate corruption, which still seems to be encountered at various levels of government, state institutions and the business world.

These are all the homework we have to finish in the Second Wave of Reform. A not an easy challenge, but God willing we can do it. Therefore, I request all components of the nation, let us resolve together and finish our homework.

Ladies and gentlemen I am honored,
In carrying out the mandate of the people coming five years, I along with the Vice President has set a course of 100 days, one-year program, and program the next five years. In our development vision into the future, there are three main pillars that we must wake up simultaneously.

The first pillar is the welfare or Prosperity. Our basic principle is "Development for All," Development for All. There is no point in development when people increasingly marginalized. There is no point of growth if the gap between rich and poor is widening. Therefore, we carried the development of an inclusive, for all levels of society, both in cities and villages.

As we all know, Indonesia is a country with a population the fourth largest in the world, after China, India and the United States. Based on 2010 Population Census, we have just carried out, the Indonesian population amounted to 237, 6 million people, or 32.5 million increase from the total population in 2000.

An increasingly large population of this course brings a challenge for us to work harder in improving the welfare of the people, create employment, eradicate poverty, improve education and health, improving infrastructure, and provide public services. We must work harder to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which we agreed upon. Going forward we have to really manage our population growth. Family Planning Program to create a healthy and prosperous family must be really successful.

In order to broaden and deepen the scope of development in the field of welfare, these programs will continue our pro-people circulate with greater number and wider distribution. National Program for Community Empowerment (PNPM) and the People's Business Credit (KUR) as a program that directly touches the lower classes of society, we continue to expand. We added coverage, especially for perpetrators of Micro and Small Enterprises.

Through sustainable budgets, within the next five years until 2014, we provided funds of Rp100 trillion, or Rp20 trillion per year for the benefit of KUR. We hope this policy can be a step in a fundamental breakthrough that could reduce poverty.

To improve the welfare of the people, Indonesia's economy should grow taller. In 2014, the government announced an economic growth of 7 to 7.7 percent. With careful planning and proper execution, we are optimistic it can reach the target.

Accelerating economic growth is expected to expand employment and reduce unemployment. In the next four years, we are targeting 10.7 million new jobs, and reduced the poverty rate to around 80-10 percent at the end of 2014.

Can we achieve these targets by, among others, increase your investments, good investments, both local and foreign investment. We want to give guarantees to investors to obtain facilities. We must ensure that the investments that can drive the national economy that is able to menyejah-terakan our people.

To meet the target for the acceleration of economic growth, the government will continue its macro-economic policy of a measured and prudent. The government has also undertaken the preparation of synergy in a healthy state budget and regional budgets, quality and sustainability. We also continue to enhance coordination, synchronization, and harmonization between national and local governments, in the implementation of sectoral and regional development.

In connection with the absorption rate of the APBN budget, the government wants to do efforts to accelerate the absorption of the budget, mainly through balancing the ratio between the budget for routine expenditures and budget for development activities. In a working meeting in Bogor earlier this month, I have emphasized that the state budget and local budget to be absorbed more government spending to stimulate growth, such as infrastructure and community empowerment programs. We also need to ensure that the budget is not too much absorbed for routine expenses, administrative costs, as well as the less productive expenditure.

On the other hand, in accordance with the challenges of climate change more real, Indonesia's economic development must also on behalf of environmental issues within the strategies, through adaptation and mitigation policies. Environmental damage has occurred, we continued to improve through various policies such as forest and land rehabilitation, improving watershed management, energy development and environmentally friendly transportation, control of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and pollution control.

The second pillar that we need to wake up with a democracy. Going forward, we must be sure that our democratic tradition nurtured, can produce a balance between freedom and respect for the law.

Freedom and respect to the law are two sides of same coin of democracy. That is why, the freedom to ignore a reverence for the law only will generate instability and chaos. Going forward, let us take a collective responsibility to ensure that our democracy will continue to grow, precisely because both sustained by freedom and the rule of law.

We are also developing democracy in a political context that is typical. Our country adopted a presidential system, but our democracy evolved over a multi-party basis. Very clearly, this brings its own challenges. The strategy we choose democracy basically trying to assert that the presidential system should be strengthened on the basis of a healthy party system and contributive. Therefore, multi-party democracy that we have today, should be increasingly able to generate political processes that are not only democratic but also effective. Multi-party system and presidential confirm that we have in the constitution, the 1945 Constitution, should bring benefit for the people.

Indeed, we need to maintain the principle of pluralism in politics. However, we also need to ensure that we are able to manage that diversity. In a democratic political system healthy and productive, pluralism must be able to be a driving force, the driving force, an upswing, not the reverse, an impediment.

Therefore, in the future, let us build a better political system and more appropriate for our joint efforts to strengthen presidential system. We keep a multi-party democracy, but with full awareness that the presidential system should not only be enforced, but also strengthened.

After ten years through the First Wave of Reform, political consolidation and the consolidation of democracy has managed to get through the most difficult. After wracked by multidimensional crisis, the Indonesian nation has risen again. Now, Indonesia has not only recovered from the financial crisis, but has become a very dynamic democracies.

However, as also the brethren, I am very concerned and worried about the democratic development of the high costs, particularly in regional head election. Already we often hear, a candidate with his team has to spend so much. This trend has a negative impact on moral, ethical, and our political culture. It is very understandable, that the required fees for political activities like this. However, in addition to the source should be legal, does not exceed the limits besarnyapun kepatutannya.

We also note, the regional head elections in a number of areas highlighted by the practice is not commendable. Starting from the practice of money politics until the occurrence of acts of anarchy. We all know the dangers of these bad practices on the integrity of our democracy. Widespread money politics will only bring misery to the people.

In a more general statement, in the future, let us increase the quality of democracy, governance and public services in the area. We also, on the other hand, must ensure that all the basic building of the political system mandated by our constitution, the Constitution in 1945, maintained its existence. While encouraging the strengthening of decentralization and regional autonomy, we must strengthen the presidential system, the existence of the Republic and and sustainable economic growth.

Ladies and gentlemen who I respect,
In addition to welfare and democracy, the three pillars of development is justice. Without justice, development and democracy we will terpasung. Justice must be presented to all Indonesian citizens, without discrimination of any kind.

Meaning, justice must be provided for all, justice for all. Nevertheless, the law must also weigh the sense of justice and expediency. Law enforcement must continue our fight for justice and make it happen. That is the importance of a fair law enforcement, which does not put the tolerance of the practice of law in any form mafia.

To answer these fundamental issues, we have been doing motion Mafia Eradication Law. Several cases involving alleged mafia law practice has been, is, and continues to be taken seriously. Looking ahead, it is extremely important to continually strive for the eradication of the practice of law from the mafia who distanced justice. Fore, corrective steps that have been made should be followed by improvement of legal institutions are more systemic.

As President, I also ensure that fighting corruption would remain a priority, and its effectiveness should be improved. We are all concerned to stop all forms of corruption from the state bureaucracy. We must also ensure that the practices of collusion between state officials and businessmen, who manifestly unlawful and detrimental to the state, may continue to be prevented and eradicated.

On this good opportunity, still in terms of building a democratic and equitable life, I want to underline the need to continue to maintain and strengthen our brotherhood, harmony and tolerance we as a nation. In everyday life, we still find cases that do not reflect the harmony, tolerance and mutual respect among different components of our society in the identity, whether involving religious, ethnic, tribal and regional.

Under such circumstances we should not tolerate. We want every citizen can live their lives in a serene and peaceful, in accordance with its rights. This is the true philosophy of "harmonious and peaceful living in a pluralistic society." This is the real meaning of Unity in Diversity intact from what we profess and run.

Ladies and gentlemen I am honored,
The Indonesian people whom I love and I am proud of,
Indonesian challenges now and in the future is how our nation can adapt to changing times. World in which we stand has changed much, and will continue to change. First, Bung Hatta never describe the challenges of foreign policy as "rowing between two reefs" in the sense of the West Block and East Block. Now, as competition West Block and East Block is gone, Indonesia's diplomacy in the 21st century the world faced a far more complex, like "ford the turbulent ocean."

In a world that is still looking for this form, we continue to hold fast to the free and active foreign policy devoted to the national interest. As stipulated by the 1945 opening, we continue to fight for justice and world peace. We continue to kindle the spirit of nationalism which is cool, open, moderate, tolerant, and friendly. We continue to inflame internationalism that emphasizes cooperation and partnership. Let's do this with a conviction, that the more friends, friends, and partners, then our country will be more secure, prosperous and strong.

And in the constellation of the world that is changing rapidly, we are now able to travel "foreign policy in all directions", or "all foreign policy directions." We can have "a million friends, no enemies," "a million friends, Enemy Zero."

What is clear, the space for Indonesia on the international stage bigger. Indonesia Potential to contribute to the problems of the region and globally, as well as the more wide open. As part of a large family of ASEAN, we can establish stability, peace and prosperity in Southeast Asia and also in the Asia Pacific region. As a member of the G-20, we can help reform the world economic architecture, and can contribute to the realization of strong global economic growth, balanced and sustainable. As a member of the OIC, we can continue to voice the moderate Islamic identity, open, tolerant and modern. We also can constructively bridge between Islam and the West.

As a member of the United Nations Climate Change Conference (UNCCC), we also become a pioneer in efforts to save the earth from climate change. As a member of the UN, we continue to fight for achieving the millennium development goals, Millennium Development Goals, in order to achieve appropriate targets in the year 2015, or five years from now. And, as a country since the beginning of respecting pluralism, tolerance, and freedom of religion, we can contribute to the creation of harmony between civilizations, "Harmony Among Civilizations", in the 21st century.

We also present in areas of conflict as the forces of the United Nations Peacekeeping, as in Lebanon and in the Congo. That determination and our commitment to creating a lasting world peace.

Indonesia also has the commitment and action plan to reduce our carbon emissions in 2020 amounted to 26 percent of our carbon emissions estimates in these years. This is in line with our commitment to economic development, namely sustainable development, which not only increases the rate of growth and employment and reduce poverty, but also environmentally friendly.

We realize, in the 21st century, free and active policy is not enough. We must exercise diplomacy free, active and transformative. We must improve the performance of free and active diplomacy to be more oriented to the creation of opportunities, because in the era of the G20, in the era of globalization, this is the time Indonesia has become worldwide. This is a time of achievement, products, culture, and ideas Indonesia is increasingly becoming part of the dynamics at the global level. What is important, we must continue to run free and active foreign policy consistently, do not be swayed by the interests of others, but remain anchored in the principles and our own national interests.

With self-confidence that is strong, we believe we can still stand upright in the middle of a torrential flow of changes, precisely because we are able to uphold the four main pillars in the life of nation and state, ie, the Pancasila, the Constitution of the State in 1945, the Unitary State of Republic Indonesia, and unity in diversity. We want to become an advanced and prosperous nation in this 21st century, on top of our identity and nationality.

Brothers and sisters as the Nation and a Homeland,
Ladies and gentlemen I am honored,
Ending the State Address, I invite all leaders and members of the House of Representatives and the DPD-RI to strengthen our resolve in creating a future for a better Indonesia. I really hope to members of the Board of the Honorable, the government together to improve processes and quality development that have been run so far. I am also very grateful, cooperation between government, parliament and the DPD for this, it is very good. Looking ahead, we want this cooperation continues to increase. We actually have an equal responsibility-based tasks and functions, to promote development in all fields.

With all the advantages and disadvantages, let us sikapi development results in a more fair and proportionate. Indeed, there are still many challenges and homework to be solved. However, actually has many accomplishments we achieve successful development.

That all is our shared success, the main success of the Indonesian people who have chosen us to carry their mandate. Let us carry out the mandate given to our people with dedication and full responsibility, as they provide it with a sincere belief in us.

May the Almighty God, Allah, have mercy, grace, and His blessings to us all, to build Indonesia into a great nation and state, progressive, democratic, equitable, and dignified.

Long live the Republic of Indonesia!
Thank you,

Wassalamu'alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.

Jakarta, August 16, 2010

DR. H. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono


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